Frequently Asked Questions
What is a population Census?
A population census is the process of enumerating or counting all persons within the boundaries of a country or a well delineated part of a country at a specified time. The process involves collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing, publishing and disseminating demographic and socio-economic data.
What are the uses of the census data?
The census provides comprehensive and disaggregated information about the population. The data generated, gives an accurate picture of how many people are living in a country, the distribution across every administrative unit and their living conditions, as well as access to basic services. Other uses include resource allocation, delineation of boundaries, research and creation of household-based sampling frames for future surveys.
When will the 2019 census enumeration be conducted?
Enumeration of people will start on the night of 24th August 2019 (census reference night), and end on 31st August 2019. During the enumeration period, people will be enumerated with reference to where they will have spent the night of 24th August 2019.
What is pre-enumeration listing of households?
Prior to actual enumeration, pre-enumeration listing of households will be done on 22nd and 23rd August 2019. This is listing of all the households within a given enumeration area to establish the number of households in readiness for actual census enumeration. During the listing exercise, all the households will be given numbers which will be labelled on the door frame or any other visible area.
Who will be enumerated?
All persons within the borders of Kenya during the reference night including outdoor sleepers, people on transit, individuals in hotels and lodges, and in institutions such as hospitals and prisons will be enumerated. It should be noted that, a child who is born after the mid-night of 24th August 2019 will not be counted but a person who dies after the mid-night of 24th August 2019 will be counted as having been present on the census reference night. A polygamous man will only be enumerated once in the household where he will have spent the night of 24th August 2019, while in the other household(s) his wife/wives will be enumerated as head(s) of the households together with other members of the household(s) who will have spent the night of 24th August 2019 there.
What about Kenyans in the diaspora?
Kenyans in the diaspora will not be enumerated. However, people will be asked to provide information about members of the household who have migrated to other countries since 2004.
If I have visitors on the night of the 24th August 2019, will they be enumerated as part of my household?
Yes. Anyone who will have spent the night of 24th August 2019 in your household will be enumerated together with your household members. Heads of households are encouraged to keep records of visitors who will have spent the night of 24th August 2019, in case they leave before the households are enumerated to assist in responding to questions that will apply to the visitors.
Where will the people on night duty be enumerated?
All those on duty on the night of 24th August 2019 such as doctors, nurses, census officials and watchmen will be enumerated with their households.
How will the 2019 Census data be captured?
For the first time, census data will be captured electronically through a mobile device (tablet). The census questionnaires have been programmed and uploaded onto the tablets which have in-built checks to ensure data quality.
What are the key questions that will be asked during the 2019 census enumeration?
The key questions to be asked will be on: age, sex, marital status, births, deaths, migration, forms and severity of difficulties in performing daily life activities, educational attainment, labour force particulars, access and ownership of ICT equipment and services, crop farming, livestock and aquaculture, housing characteristics, and ownership of assets.
Will data on ethnic composition be collected?
Yes, information on tribe or ethnicity and nationality will be collected due to its statistical and cultural value. The data is used to assess the socio-economic characteristics of people of differing backgrounds and in the identification of minority groups. All previous censuses conducted in Kenya have collected data on ethnicity, reflecting a long-standing and continuing widespread demand for information about ethno-cultural characteristics of the Kenyan population. Those who do not wish to state their ethnicity have an option of stating that their ethnicity is Kenyan.
How long will it take to complete an interview for a household?
It is expected that an interview will take about 30 minutes, though this may be shorter or longer depending on the number of people who will be present on the census night.
Is there a guarantee that my information will remain confidential?
Yes. All information collected will be confidential as provided for by The Statistics Act 2006. All census officials will swear an “Oath of Secrecy” as embodied in the Act, which forbids them from divulging information collected to unauthorized persons.
What will show that a household has been enumerated?
After enumeration, the officials will write a number on the door or at any place on the structure to indicate that the enumeration has been conducted. PLEASE DO NOT ERASE THE NUMBER. If there is no structure, as structure numbering card will be issued to the household after enumeration. DO NOT LOSE THE CARD.
What happens if one is not counted on the night of 24th August 2019? of the 24th/25th August, should they be counted as part of my household?
Census officials will proceed with enumeration for seven (7) days till 31st August 2019. All information will be provided in reference to the night of 24th August 2019.
Whom do I contact in case my household is not covered?
All those who will not have been enumerated by 31st August 2019, should report to the local administrative office. However, care must be taken to ensure that you have indeed not been enumerated.
What are the security arrangements?
The security agencies are fully involved and are part of the national and county census committees. Enumerators will have official identity cards and reflector jackets for ease of identification. They have been recruited from where they live and are therefore, known to the locals. Enumerators will also be accompanied by village elders, leaders of resident associations and in certain cases, assistant chiefs who are well known by the residents.
What safeguards have been put in place against data manipulation?
Several quality assurance measures are in place to ensure complete and accurate information is collected. This includes; continuous monitoring of collected information through the dash board and use of comprehensive inbuilt checks. Additionally, an independent team of experts in census-taking is expected to monitor the exercise across the country. Structures are also in place to ensure secure transmission of data.
When will the results be released?
It is expected that preliminary results will be released three months after the end of the exercise. The basic reports of the census are expected to be released within six months, while the detailed analytical reports will be released within one year after the census enumeration.